Web Page Anatomy
Even from a no designer’s viewpoint, shaping a design that satisfies all the wants I outlined above is a certainty. It’s almost like creating a phrase on your refrigerator with magnetic poetry words. Though there are countless ways in which to rearrange the words, solely a number of arrangements create any sense. The magnetic words are just like the, or blocks, of the web page. Though the amount of those necessary blocks depends on the dimensions and subject of the positioning, most websites have the elements seen in Figure one. Anatomy of a web page.
Figure 1. Anatomy of a website
Let’s look at each of these components in turn:
Every web page has a container. This could be within the sort of the page’s body tag, an all-containing div tag. While not some type of container, we’d don’t have any place to place the contents of our page. The elements would drift beyond the bounds of our browser window and off into empty areas. The width of this container can be fluid, meaning that it expands to fill the width of the browser window; or fixed, so that the content is the same width regardless of what size the window is.
When designers confer with an identity, they’re relating the logo and colours that exist across a company’s varied sorts of promoting, like business cards, letterhead, brochures, and so on. The identity block that seems on the web site ought to contain the company’s logo or name and sit at the highest of every page of the web site. The identity block will increase brand recognition whereas informing users that the pages they’re viewing are a part of one site.
It’s essential that the site’s navigation system is easy to find and use. Users expect to check navigation right at the top of the page. Whether or not you intend to use vertical menus down the aspect of the page, or a horizontal menu across the page, the navigation ought to be as about to the top of the layout as possible. At the very least, all main navigation things ought to seem “above the fold.”
Above the Fold
The fold, as several designers decision it, is where the content of a page ends before users scroll down. This metaphor is derived from the fold during a newspaper. If you consider look into of a pleated newspaper, most of the headlines and largest news seem within the high 0.5, so that the foremost vital news items can be seen at a look once the newspaper is folded. the placement of the fold on a site page depends on the browser dimensions and the user’s screen resolution. At a resolution of 1024×768 pixels, accounting for browser chrome that is, space is taken up by the browser application itself in the form of tabs, buttons, the address bar, and a bottom status bar the fold is typically simply over five hundred pixels from the top.
Content is king. A typical site visitor can enter and leave the site during a matter of seconds. If visitors are unable to seek out what they’re trying to find, they’ll beyond any doubt shut the browser or advance to a different website. It’s vital to stay the most content block because the focal point of a design in order that visitors will scan the page for data they want.
Located at the lowest of the page, the footer sometimes contains copyright, contact, and legal data, also as some links to most sections of the web site. By separating the end content from the lowest of the browser window, the footer ought to show users that they’re at the bottom of the page.
The graphic design term whitespace (or negative space) virtually refers to any space of a page while not kind or illustrations. Whereas several novice website designers (and most clients) feel a necessity to fill each inch of the website page with photos, text, tables, and data, an empty area on a page is every bit as vital as having content. While not rigorously planned whitespace, a design can feel enclosed, like a jammed space. Whitespace helps a design to breathe by guiding the user’s eye around a page however conjointly helps to form balance and unity.
At this point, we’ve had our initial meeting with our theoretical client, and it was helpful. He explained very completely what his business does and what he needs the website to attain. even supposing we’ve yet to visualize actual content, we can use the quality blocks of web content anatomy to start out developing a layout. Although other sites specific blocks are worked into the designs of many website layouts, the web page anatomy works to summarize the most common blocks.
This post contain the content of book The Principles of Beautiful Web Design by Jason Beaird