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Fields And Levels of Sociological Analysis

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WHAT IS SOCIOLOGY

Levels of Sociological Analysis

Sociological Analysis may define as:

There are generally two levels of analysis in sociology, which may also be regarded as branches of sociology: micro-sociology and macro- sociology (Henslin and Nelson,  1995).

Micro-sociology is interested in the small scale levels of the structure and functioning of human social groups; whereas macro-sociology studies the large-scale aspects of society. Sociological Analysis

Major Theoretical Perspectives in Sociology

Macro-sociology focuses on the broad features of society. The goal of macro-sociology is to look at the large-scale social phenomena that verify however social teams are organized and positioned inside the social structure. The micro-sociological level of analysis focuses on social interaction. It analyzes interpersonal relationships, and on what individuals do and the way they behave when they act. This level of analysis is usually employed by a symbolic interactionist perspective.

Some writers additionally add a 3rd level of research known as Meso-level analysis that analyzes human social phenomena in between the micro- and macro-levels. Reflective their specific academic interest sociologists might prefer one sort of analysis to the opposite, but all levels of analysis are helpful and necessary for a fuller understanding of social life in society.

  • Micro-sociology:  Analyzing  small  scale  social phenomena
  • Macro-sociology:   analyzing   large-scale  social phenomena
  • Meso-sociology: analysis of social phenomena in between the micro- and macro- levels.

Within these general frameworks, sociology may be divided into specific sub-fields based on certain criteria. The most important fields of sociology can be grouped into six areas (World Book Encyclopedia, 1994: Vol. 18; Pp. 564-568).

Sub-Fields

  • The Field of Social Organization and Theory of  Social  Order: focuses on institutions and groups, their formation and change, manner of functioning,  relation to individuals and each other.
  • Social Control: Focuses on how members of a society influence one another to maintain social order.
  • Social Change: Focuses on the means society and establishments amendment over time through technical inventions, cultural diffusion and cultural conflict, and social movements, among others.
  • Social Processes: Focuses on the pattern during which social amendment takes place, and therefore the modes of such processes.
  • Social Groups: Focuses on however social teams are shaped, structured, and the way they perform and alter.
  • Social   Problems: Focuses on social conditions that cause difficulties for a large number of persons and which the society is seeking to eliminate. Some of the problems may include:  juvenile  delinquency,  crime,  chronic alcoholism,  suicide,  narcotics  addiction,  racial prejudice, ethnic conflict, war, industrial conflict, slum,  areas,  urban poverty, prostitution, child abuse, the problem of older persons, marital conflicts, etc

Currently, sociology has got quite several specific sub-divisions or fields of specialization in it: some of these include the following: criminology; demography; human ecology; political sociology; medical sociology; sociology of the family; sociology of sports; sociology of development; social psychology; sociolinguistics; sociology of education; sociology of religion; sociology of knowledge; sociology of art; sociology of science and technology; sociology of law; urban sociology; rural sociology; economic sociology; and industrial sociology.

WHAT IS SOCIOLOGY – LECTURE NOTES

THE FOUNDERS OF SOCIOLOGY

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