It is essential to make the public aware of the formidable consequences of Environmental Degradation, if not retorted and reformative measures are undertaken, it would result in the extinction of life. We are facing various environmental challenges. It is essential to urge the country to conversant with these challenges so their acts are also eco-friendly. Some of these challenges are as under: (NEED FOR PUBLIC AWARENESS)

  1. Growing Population

A population of over thousands of millions is growing at 2.11 percent every year. Over seventeen million individuals are supplementary annually. It puts considerable pressure on its natural resources and reduces the gains of development. Hence, the greatest challenge before us is to limit population growth. Although social control will mechanically cause development, nevertheless the event ends up in a decrease in increment rates. For this development of women is essential. (NEED FOR PUBLIC AWARENESS)

  1. Poverty

India has usually been represented as expensive land with poor individuals. Impoverishment and environmental degradation have a nexus between them. The overwhelming majority of our individuals are directly captivated with the natural resources of the country or their basic desires of food, fuel shelter, and fodder. About 40% of our people are still below the poverty line. Environmental degradation has adversely affected the poor who depend upon the resources of their immediate surroundings. Thus, the challenge of poverty and the challenging environmental degradation are two facets of the same challenge. Population growth is essentially a function of poverty. Because, to the very poor, every child is an earner and helper and global concerns have little relevance to him. PUBLIC AWARENESS

  1. Agricultural Growth

The people must be acquainted with the methods to sustain and increase agricultural growth by damaging the environment. High-yielding varieties have caused soil salinity and damage to the physical structure of the soil. PUBLIC AWARENESS

  1. Need to Groundwater

It is essential for rationalizing the use of groundwater. Factors like community wastes, industrial effluents, chemical fertilizers, and pesticides have polluted our surface water and affected the quality of the groundwater. It is essential to restore the water quality of our rivers and other water bodies as lakes are an important challenge. So finding suitable strategies for the consecration of water, the provision of safe drinking water, and keeping water bodies clean which are difficult challenges is essential. (NEED FOR PUBLIC AWARENESS)

  1. Development And Forests

Forests serve catchments for the rivers.  With the increasing demand for water, a plan to harness the mighty river through large irrigation projects was made.  Certainly, these would submerge forests; displace local people, and damage flora and fauna. As such, the dams on the river Narmada, Bhagirathi, and elsewhere have become areas of political and scientific debate. PUBLIC AWARENESS

Forests in India have been shrinking for several centuries owing to the pressures of agriculture and other uses. Vast areas that were once green, stand today as wastelands. These areas are to be brought back under vegetative cover. The tribal communities inhabiting forests respect the trees and birds and animal that gives them sustenance. We must recognize the role of these people in restoring and conserving forests. The modern knowledge and skills of the forest dept. should be integrated with the traditional knowledge and experience of the local communities.  The strategies for the joint management of forests should be evolved in a well-planned way.

  1. Degradation of Land

At present out of the total  329 MHA of land, only  266 MHA possess any potential for production. Of this, 143 MHA is agricultural land nearly and 85 suffer from varying degrees of soil degradation. Of the remaining 123 MHA, 40 are completely unproductive. The remaining 83 MHA is classified as forest land, of which over half is denuded to various degrees. Nearly 406 million head of livestock has to be supported on 13 MHA, or less than 4 percent of the land classified as pasture land, most of which is overgrazed. Thus, our of 226 MHA, about 175 MHA or  66 percent is degraded to varying degrees. Water and wind erosion causes further degradation of almost 150 MHA This degradation is to be avoided.

  1. Reorientation of Institutions

The people should be roused to orient institutions, attitudes, and infrastructures, to suit conditions and needs today. The change has to be brought in keeping in view India’s traditions for resource use management and education etc. The change should be brought in education, attitudes, administrative procedures, and institutions. Because it affects the way people view technology resources and development.

  1. Reduction of Genetic Diversity

Proper measures to conserve genetic diversity ought to be taken. at this time most wild genetic stocks are disappearing from nature. Wilding including the Asiatic Lion is facing the problem of loss of genetic diversity. The protected areas network like sanctuaries, national parks, and biosphere reserves is isolating populations. So, they are decreasing the changes in one group breeding with another. Remedial steps are to be taken to ascertain decreasing genetic diversity.

  1. Evil Consequences of Urbanisation

Nearly 27 percent of Indians live in urban areas. Urbanization and industrialization have given birth to a great number of environmental problems that need urgent attention. Over 30 percent of urban Indians live in slums. Hence, coping with rapid urbanization is a major challenge.

  1. Air and water Population

The majority of our industrial plants are using outdated and population technologies and makeshift facilities devoid of any provision for treating their wastes. A great range of cities and industrial areas are known because of the worst in terms of air and pollution. Acts are implemented within the country, however, their implementation isn’t very easy. The rationale is their implementation desires nice resources, technical experience, and political and social can. Again the people are to be made aware of these rules. Their support is indispensable to implementing these rules. PUBLIC AWARENESS




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This post contains the content of the book Environmental_Science by Dr. Y. K. Singh below is the link of complete book Environmental_Science