Monochrome Drawing

Monochrome Drawing Materials

Monochrome Drawing Materials

Many people picture a drawing as a work in monochrome pencil, pen, ink, or charcoal. In the past, most drawings were indeed in one color or perhaps two, largely because color drawing materials, with the exception of pastels, did not arrive on the art scene until relatively recently. Now there are a great many, which are discussed later. However, because most people begin drawing with monochrome materials we will look at these first.

Monochrome Drawing Materials

Pencils

These are the most basic of all drawing tools, as well as being one of the most sensitive and versatile. Few artists would be without a selection of pencils. Although they are sometimes incorrectly described as “lead”, pencils are in fact made of graphite, a form of carbon, and began to be manufactured in the 18th century after the discovery of a deposit in the north of England.

They are made in different grades, from 8B, which is very soft, to about 4H, which is much too hard for ordinary drawing purposes. An HB, a 2B, and a 4B would provide a good selection for the beginner to practice with.

Pencils

CONTE CRAYONS

These are square-sectioned sticks, similar to hard pastels inconsistency. They are made in black, white, and a selection of “earth” colors browns and red-browns. They are capable of much bolder effects than a pencil, and are excellent both for crisp, decisive lines and for areas of solid dark tone, as they can be sharpened to a point or broken into short lengths and used sideways. The only drawback is that Conte cannot be erased easily.

CONTE CRAYONS

Charcoal

This is one of the most popular of all monochrome media. Because it encourages a bold, uninhibited form of drawing, art teachers often recommend it to novices. Charcoal is made from fired twigs of wood, such as willow, and is sold in different thicknesses. It smudges easily, and corrections can be made simply by wiping it off; however, this makes it less suitable than a pencil for small-scale sketchbook work. Compressed charcoal is also available, in both stick and pencil form. This produces deeper, richer blacks than ordinary charcoal, but is less easy to erase.

Charcoal

Pens, inks, and brushes

There are a great many different kinds of pens, ranging from modern felt- and fiber tips to “old-fashioned” implements such as quills and reed pens. Perhaps it is best to start with one of the inexpensive wooden or plastic handles sold with a set of various interchangeable nibs which will enable you to practice your “handwriting” in pen and ink; this type of pen may well remain a favorite item of equipment, as it does for many professional artists.

There is a variety of drawing inks on the market, but they can be divided into two basic types: water-soluble and waterproof, the latter being shellac- or acrylic-based. Water-soluble ink can be diluted with water and is therefore useful for wash drawings, where you want a range of greys as well as black. Waterproof ink should never be used in reservoir-type pens, as it clogs them up.

Felt- and fiber-tipped pens are also made in waterproof and water-soluble versions check-in your art shop, as they are not always clearly labeled. Brushes are not a necessity, but they are sensitive to drawing implements, producing an expressive line. Monochrome Drawing

inks brushes

Papers

The most common surface for drawing is plain white cartridge (drawing) paper. For wash drawings, make sure that you buy a good-quality cartridge (drawing) paper. Some artists prefer to use paper with a texture for charcoal drawings. Textured paper can also be used for Conte drawings. If you want solid blacks (or browns), however, stick to smooth cartridge (drawing) paper. Monochrome Drawing

 

Additional equipment

A rigid board of some kind is required to support the paper. You will also need erasers, a craft knife, and a can of spray fixative if you intend to use charcoal.

Color Drawing Materials

Drawing – Taking A Line For A Walk

This post contains the content of book Art School How to Paint Draw_ Drawing, Watercolor, Oil Acrylic, Pastel